What do they look like?

They come in a variety of shapes and sizes, but all stingrays have a triangular flat shape body with a tapering
tail that is armed with one or more spines. The stingray’s colours commonly reflect the sea floor’s shading,
camouflaging it from predators. Their eyes peer out from the top of their body, while their mouth, nostrils, and
gill slits are underneath.

Where do they live?

In very shallow waters all over Australia.

Why are they dangerous?

Most stingrays have barbs on their tails that they
use for defence. These barbs are venomous. When
humans get stabbed, the wound bleeds, swells and is
very painful. The venom can cause nausea, vomiting,
muscle cramps, diarrhoea, sweating and convulsions.

How to avoid them?

Shuffle your feet — this tells them you are coming and
gives them time to swim away. Always wear thick-soled
shoes when walking through shallow water.

What to do if you get hurt?

Call 000. Put the affected area in hot water (as hot as
the rescuer can stand) and get medical assistance. If
the barb is still stuck, don’t remove it.